Article 3.  GOVERNMENT STRUCTURE cont'd

Section 3.10.  President and Executive Branch

 

The executive power shall be vested in the President of the United Territories of Liberty.  No person except a founding citizen of the United Territories, a natural born citizen, or a citizen of the United Territories for 15 years prior to his election, shall be eligible to the Office of President; neither shall any person be eligible for that Office who has not reached the age of 35 years.

 

He and the Vice President shall hold office concurrently for a term of four years.  No person shall be elected to the office of the President more than twice, and no person who has held the office of President, or acted as President, for more than two years of a term to which some other person was elected President shall be elected to the office of President more than once.

Before he begins the execution of his office, the incoming President shall take the following Oath or Affirmation: ”I do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will faithfully execute the office of President of the United Territories of Liberty, and will preserve, protect, and defend the Constitution of the United Territories of Liberty.”

 
 

The President and Vice-President shall, at stated times, receive for their services, a compensation, which shall neither be increased nor diminished during the period for which they shall have been elected, and they shall not receive within that period any other compensation from either the Common Government of the United Territories, or from any of the Territories.

The terms of the President and the Vice President shall end at noon on the 20th day of January. 

If, at the time fixed for the beginning of the term of the President, the President-Elect shall have died, the Vice President elect shall become President. If a President shall not have been chosen before the time fixed for the beginning of his term, or if the President-Elect shall have failed to qualify, then the Vice President-Elect shall act as President until a President shall have qualified; and the Congress may by law provide for the case wherein neither a President-Elect nor a Vice President shall have qualified, declaring that the Speaker of the House shall then act as President, until a President or Vice President shall have qualified.  If the Speaker of the House shall have failed to qualify, then the President Pro Tempore of the Senate shall then act as President, until a President or Vice President shall have qualified.

In case of the removal of the President from office or of his death or resignation, the Vice President shall become President.

Whenever there is a vacancy in the office of the Vice President, the President shall nominate a Vice President who shall take office upon confirmation by a majority vote of both Houses of Congress.

Whenever the President transmits to the President Pro Tempore of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives his written declaration that he is unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office, and until he transmits to them a written declaration to the contrary, such powers and duties shall be discharged by the Vice President as Acting President.

Whenever the Vice President and a majority of either the principal officers of the executive departments or of such other body as Congress may by law provide, transmit to the President Pro Tempore of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives their written declaration that the President is unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office, the Vice President shall immediately assume the powers and duties of the office as Acting President.

Thereafter, when the President transmits to the President Pro Tempore of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives his written declaration that no inability exists, he shall resume the powers and duties of his office unless the Vice President and a majority of either the principal officers of the executive department or of such other body as Congress may by law provide, transmit within four days to the President-Pro Tempore of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives their written declaration that the President is unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office. Thereupon Congress shall decide the issue, assembling within forty-eight hours for that purpose if not in session. If the Congress, within twenty-one days after receipt of the latter written declaration, or, if Congress is not in session, within twenty-one days after Congress is required to assemble, determines by two-thirds vote of both Houses that the President is unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office, the Vice President shall continue to discharge the same as Acting President; otherwise, the President shall resume the powers and duties of his office.

The Congress may by law provide for the case of the death of any of the persons from whom the House of Representatives may choose a President whenever the right of choice shall have devolved upon them, and for the case of the death of any of the persons from whom the Senate may choose a Vice President whenever the right of choice shall have devolved upon them.

 

 

Section 3.11.  Presidential Powers

 

The President shall be Commander in Chief of the Armed Forces of the United Territories, and of the National Guard of the several Territories.  When called into the actual service of the United Territories; he may require the opinion, in writing, of the principal officer in each of the executive departments, upon any subject relating to the duties of their respective offices, and he shall have power to grant reprieves and pardons, except to himself, for offenses against the United Territories, except in cases of impeachment.

He shall have power, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, to make treaties, provided two-thirds of the senators present concur; and he shall nominate, and by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, shall appoint ambassadors,  department secretaries, judges of the Supreme Court, and all other officers of the United Territories, whose appointments are not herein otherwise provided for, and which shall be established by law: but the Congress may by law vest the appointment of such inferior officers, as they think proper, in the President alone, in the courts of law, or in the heads of departments.

The President shall have power to fill up all vacancies that may happen during the recess of the Senate, by granting commissions which shall expire at the end of their next session.

 

Executive Orders from the President shall be limited to personnel and administrative policy within the Executive Branch only, and shall not extend to matters of the general public.

The President may, on extraordinary occasions, convene both Houses, or either of them, and in case of disagreement between them, with respect to the time of adjournment, he may adjourn them to such time as he shall think proper; he shall receive ambassadors and other public ministers; he shall take care that the laws be faithfully executed, and shall commission all the officers of the United Territories.

The President, Vice President and all civil officers of the United Territories, shall be removed from office on impeachment for, and conviction of, treason, bribery, or other crimes and misdemeanors.

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