Article 2.  ECONOMIC LIBERTY

Section 2.1.  Financial Limits on Government

 

All governments shall maintain a balanced budget.  Each Territory Government shall manage the budget of that Territory.  No government shall borrow or lend money, including bonds or other promissory notes.

No money shall be drawn from the treasury except for appropriations made by law; and a regular statement and account of the receipts and expenditures of all public money shall be published monthly.

 
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The private sector shall be the source of all currency.  No government shall create, manufacture, mint, supply, or regulate currencies, money, or private expenditures in any form.

 

 

Governments shall serve primarily to provide for the common defense of the rights and public safety of citizens with national defense, law enforcement, fire suppression, medical first aid, air traffic control, public thoroughfares, water supplies, and waste management.

 

Government shall make payment only to people or organizations employed by it, or to those who sell or lease property to it, or to those who win a lawsuit against it.

 

 

Government shall not manufacture any goods, but can establish, administer, and manage contracts with individuals and companies in the private sector to produce supplies and services for military requirements and other limited government needs.  The bidding and awarding of such contracts shall be public and transparent to the maximum extent possible without disclosing national security information.

 

 

All candidates for office, and all government employees whose work involves contract awards, shall publicly disclose all donations and gifts received, and the sources thereof, within 3 days of receiving them.  Donations from foreign sources are not permitted.

Government officials shall not accept compensation from a source other than their government employer for services performed via the power of their office.

 

No title of nobility shall be granted by the United Territories; and no person holding any office of profit or trust under them, shall accept any gift, payment, compensation, office, or title, of any kind whatever, from any member of foreign royalty or foreign state.

 
 

 

Government shall not legislate, nor regulate, nor appropriate funds, nor expend any funds, related to but not limited to education, job creation, charity, foreign aid, finance, banking, securities trading, domestic commerce, labor unions, energy production, food production, farm subsidies, weights and measures, public transportation, transportation security, political campaigns, commercial or educational communication networks, consumer protection, census, marriage, adoption, retirement, parks, campgrounds, sports, or humanities.

Government shall not legislate, nor regulate, nor appropriate funds, nor expend any funds, related to science, employment, training, insurance, or facilities, except as required for national defense, law enforcement, fire suppression, medical first aid, air traffic control, public thoroughfares, water supplies, and waste management.

Government shall not legislate, nor regulate, nor appropriate funds, nor expend any funds, related to medicine or health care, except as required for medical first aid and the armed forces.

 

 

Government shall not legislate, nor regulate, nor appropriate funds, nor expend any funds, related to housing, lodging, mail or parcel delivery, food, or immunization, except as required for the armed forces.

Government shall not legislate, nor regulate, nor appropriate funds, nor expend any funds, related to literature, arts, or history, except as required for awarding and enforcing copyrights, trademarks, and patents.

 

 

No government shall require any person or organization to buy or sell anything.

Government shall not regulate, limit, nor tax income, wages, property, wealth, estates, financial securities, pricing, trading,  bartering, wagering, gambling, donations, gifts, charity, campaign spending, production, transportation, domestic wholesale commerce, or any other financial instrument or economic activity except for: 1) tax on the sale of retail goods, imported goods, and imported services; 2) enforcement of laws against theft and fraud; and 3) regulation of utilities and hazardous materials.

 
 

 

Retail sales tax imposed by the Common Government shall not exceed 5 percent of the retail price.  All retail goods shall be taxed at the same rate.  The combined total of all retail sales taxes levied on any retail item by all levels of government shall not exceed 10 percent of the retail price.

 

 

Only the Common Government shall collect an import tax from the recipients of goods and services imported for sale or purchased from outside the Territories.  All imported goods and services shall be taxed at the same rate.  This import tax shall not exceed 10 percent of the retail value. 

 

 

No capitation tax nor other direct tax shall be imposed.

No tax or duty shall be laid on articles exported from any Territory.

 

Territory governments may impose a license requirement and usage fee for vehicles using public thoroughfares.

 

 

Section 2.2.  Liberty in Commerce

Employers are free to hire, retain, and fire anyone they choose at any time for any reason or no reason, limited only by private employment contracts.  Employees are free to strike or be absent from work, individually or as part of an organization, just as employers are free to fire and replace them.  Employees striking on private property are subject to trespassing laws at the discretion of the property owner or his proxy.

 

Individuals, businesses, and other private organizations are free to serve, or refuse to serve, any person or organization for any reason or no reason.  They are free to accept or reject orders for any good or service, except those specific orders bound by previous written contractual agreement.  Business owners and proprietors have the right to exclude or eject anyone from the private property of the business, and to invoke local trespassing laws.

 

 

Private land owners shall determine what, if any, industry and commerce takes place on their private land.  Such control shall be exercised by private agreements and contracts between land owners and business owners.

 

 

Government shall not manage nor operate any commerce, industry, or company, nor prevent them from merging.  Transportation of goods, except for hazardous materials on public or government property, shall not be subject to government regulation. 

 

 

Government may regulate activities which clearly pose health risks by contaminating air, water sources, or public land, and may regulate those that comprise a natural monopoly due to a permanently installed or non-portable supply, such as water and electrical utilities.  Regulated utilities shall remain under private operation only.  Government may manage leases of public land to private companies.  Competitive bidding, industry standards, civil liability laws, media reporting, and public pressure shall be relied upon to incentivize public safety and deter exorbitant pricing.

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